लेखक का ध्यान दें: कैसे कार्यकारी आदेश काम - कैसे कार्यकारी आदेश काम करते हैं

Jul 30 2019
कार्यकारी आदेश सरकार के विधायी या न्यायपालिका शाखाओं से इनपुट के बिना राष्ट्रपति से निर्देश हैं। बताते हैं।

लेखक का नोट: कार्यकारी आदेश कैसे काम करता है

Before researching this article, I might have supported the political worldview that presidents don't really matter. There are so many players in the global political landscape — Tea Party activists, Middle East dictators, European socialists — that how much difference could one man (or woman) make? A lot, it turns out. Not only is the U.S. president a highly visible representative of American interests abroad, but he leads the political conversation at home. Executive orders, while not mentioned in the Constitution, have become an effective means of direct executive influence. Of course we love executive orders when our candidate is sitting in the Oval Office and we hate them when it's the other guy. So ask me again in four more years.

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  • Bennett, James. True to Form, Clinton Shifts Energies Back To U.S. Focus." New York Times, July 5, 1998 (July 19, 2019) https://www.nytimes.com/1998/07/05/us/true-to-form-clinton-shifts-energies-back-to-us-focus.html
  • Bierman, Noah. "What's behind all of those executive orders Trump loves to sign?" Los Angeles Times. March 27, 2019 (July 19, 2019) https://www.latimes.com/politics/la-na-pol-trump-executive-orders-ineffective-20190327-story.html
  • Cellizza, Chris and Petulla, Sam. "Trump is on pace to sign more executive orders than any president in the last 50 years." CNN. Oct. 13, 2017 (July 19, 2019) https://www.cnn.com/2017/10/13/politics/donald-trump-executive-orders/index.html
  • CNN. "Obama signs order to close Guantanamo Bay facility." January 22, 2009 (May 23, 2012.) http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/01/22/guantanamo.order/ Contrubis, John. Congressional Research Service. "Executive Orders and Proclamations." March 9, 1999 (May 29, 2012.) https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/95-772.pdf
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  • The Heritage Foundation. "Heritage Explains: Executive Orders" (July 19, 2019) https://www.heritage.org/political-process/heritage-explains/executive-orders
  • Madhani, Aamer, "Executive orders: What to know as President Biden pushes his own priorities," The Associated Press, Jan. 28, 2021 (Jan. 29, 2021) https://abc11.com/executive-orders-president-joe-biden-donald-trump-order/10092504/
  • Ourdocuments.gov. "Executive Order 9066: Resulting in the Relocation of Japanese (1942)" (May 23, 2012.) http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=74
  • Patterson, Thomas E. We the People. "The Presidency: Leading a Nation." McGraw-Hill Higher Education 2004 (May 23, 2012.) http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/007281733x/student_view0/chapter12/chapter_outline.html
  • Paulsen, Michael Stokes. The Weekly Standard. "No Rule by Decree." April 30, 2012 (May 23, 2012.) https://www.weeklystandard.com/michael-stokes-paulsen/no-rule-by-decree Risen, James; and Lichtblau, Eric. The New York Times. "Bush Lets U.S. Spy on Callers Without Courts." December 16, 2005 (May 23, 2012.) http://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/16/politics/16program.html?pagewanted=all
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  • Thrower, Sharece. "What is an executive order, and why don't presidents use them all the time?" The Conversation. (Jan. 29, 2021) https://theconversation.com/what-is-an-executive-order-and-why-dont-presidents-use-them-all-the-time-150896
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  • भेड़िया, रिचर्ड। संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका आज। "ओबामा पिछली कांग्रेस को पाने के लिए कार्यकारी शक्तियों का उपयोग करते हैं।" 27 अक्टूबर, 2011 (23 मई, 2012.) http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/story/2011-10-26/obama-existent-orders/50942170/1

मूल रूप से प्रकाशित: जुलाई 29, 2019

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